After sinking the Kiwi .. the Italians uncovered the censors


Cup Spy November 21: After sinking the Kiwis .. the Italians uncovered the censure

By Richard Gladwell Sail-World NZ Nov 21 20:16 PST
22 November 2022

Luna Rossa Prada Pirelli – Toe take a look at – LEQ12 – November 21, 2022 – Cagliari © Ivo Rovira / America’s Cup

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Luna Rossa Prada Pirelli – Toe take a look at – LEQ12 – November 21, 2022 – Cagliari © Ivo Rovira / America’s Cup

Luna Rossa Prada Pirelli – Toe take a look at – LEQ12 – November 21, 2022 – Cagliari © Ivo Rovira / America’s Cup


What occurred within the Cup – November 21, 2022:

  • Luna Rossa went for a take a look at tow in her LEQ12 with some new sensors connected to the port wing foil. They’re anticipated to sail in 7-10 days.
  • Emirates Group New Zealand is re-evaluating its place after severely damaging the bow of its AC40 in a coaching incident.
  • Alinghi is again within the shed for a Crimson Bull Racing improve – not anticipated to emerge till late November.
  • American Magic didn’t work in Pensacola.
  • INEOS Britannia remained ashore in Majorca.


Luna Rossa – LEQ12 – Cagliari, Sardinia – November 21, 2022

In Cagliari, the Italian challenger Luna Rossa has emerged from the shed to conduct towing trials. They’ve been absent from the Gulf of Cagliari since 6 November, after they dropped the mast on their LEQ12 prototype throughout a “easy mistake” rigging earlier than a crusing session.

It was stunning that his LEQ12 can be up for the towing take a look at after sustaining injury to his mast and maybe areas of the LEQ12’s transom. However the cause quickly turned obvious – ​​their 12-metre-long prototype was mounting a sensor on one of many AC75 foils.

Whereas the British Challengers aren’t fairly as subtle as these fitted to the INEOS Britannia, the Italians are clearly after a few of the fundamental data their newly put in package will present.

It is unclear whether or not the sensors had been added only for the towing take a look at, or if they will be a part of a extra everlasting setup.

“We’re utilizing this chance to make some modifications and a few changes to the electronics and mechatronics which might be a giant a part of this boat,” defined Horacio Carabelli, Design Co-ordinator.

“At Towing, we are able to study rather a lot from all this work that has been accomplished. I believe immediately was very helpful, to place every little thing collectively, and to guarantee that we do not have to do the identical factor every other time sooner or later. lose when restart

“It has been actually productive really and the climate was a bit windy to check, however it was a pleasant mistral and we had flat water, so we’re very happy with the day.”

On the brand new sensor on the port wing, he replied: “All the opposite groups know that we attempt to sensor as a lot as we are able to by way of appendages. It is also a part of our take a look at program now – to sensor the place we are able to and once we can.”

He revealed that the rig can be prepared within the subsequent week or 10 days – that means the workforce would have been away from the water for greater than three weeks. “Within the subsequent week or 10 days we will probably be absolutely again on the water, and everybody will probably be proud of the crusing and the brand new setup,” he mentioned.


Session Statistics – Cagliari, Sardinia – November 21, 2022 – Luna Rossa Prada Pirelli – LEQ12

  • Wind energy 9-12kts (PM)
  • Wind Course: SW (PM)
  • Sea State: Flat (PM)
  • Roll Out: 0830 hrs Dock Out: 1115 hrs
  • Crane Out: 1600hrs

    Crew: Jimmy Spithill, Francesco Bruni, Umberto Molinaris, Andrea Tessel and Marco Gradoni



    Emirates Group New Zealand – LEQ12 – Auckland – November 22, 2022

    A evaluation of pictures within the AC37 Recon file system reveals that Emirates Group New Zealand’s LEQ12 splashed down on the north coast of Waiheke Island between 1036h and 1040h yesterday, 21 November.

    This can be a dangerous place.

    Wind readings yesterday, 4nm east of the sinking location confirmed a robust westerly wind had moved into the world round 1100, with winds quickly increasing to 30kts, after which quickly dropping away. From the picture meta-data of the AC37 Recon Group pictures, the rain bathe struck ETNZ’s prototype AC75 at 1049.

    In racing circumstances, the AC40 class wouldn’t begin if the wind was above 23.5kts (utilizing the 2021 restrict), however AC40’s (and AC75’s) within the 15-20kt vary will surely be racing.

    The final pictures of the AC40/LEQ12 earlier than the incident present a reasonable sea situation, even permitting for the flattening visible impact of the digital camera lens which often makes sea circumstances seem lower than 50% of the water impressions offers. Evaluating the photographic picture in opposition to an outline of the ocean in Admiral Beaufort’s scale from 1805, the wind energy seems to be within the 15–20kt vary.

    Sea circumstances within the comparatively protected waters of Waiheke Island are vastly totally different from the 2-metre swell that nipped the AC75 of Elingi Crimson Bull Racing in Barcelona earlier this month. The pressure of that influence was sufficient to tear the hoof off his jib.

    Evaluation of the pictures helps the Kiwi workforce’s first impressions – that the bow was practically torn off throughout a violent nosedive as LEQ12 went right into a steep nostril dive whereas beneath guide flight management, and crusing in extra of 40kts.

    The photographs present a variety of creases working throughout the LEQ12’s foredeck – often an indication of extreme compression from a structural failure.

    The failure is in some methods just like the scenario that occurred within the earlier America’s Cup cycle, when the primary run of provided foil arms failed a destruction take a look at at lower than the designed working load.

    The answer to the foil arm failure was to plan a distinct technique of building, able to withstanding twice the designed most load – and efficiently examined to destruction. However the course of took six months to design, construct and take a look at.

    The scenario with the AC40/LEQ12 and certainly the AC75 is that there is no such thing as a dependable measured information for the masses skilled when a full bow form decelerates at velocity. It’s subsequently very tough to conduct an correct take a look at to simulate the destruction of a component or hull beneath these excessive circumstances.

    The workforce did stress testing of the AC40 when it was delivered in Auckland. No downside got here up. Normally a part of that course of is for the audio sensor to be connected to the floor of the take a look at element. As might be heard in foil arm destruction testing, carbon cracking noises are emitted following any catastrophic failure.

    Passing that stress testing course of would have revealed a constructing error, and meant that each one AC40s produced to this point would have an analogous structural weak spot beneath excessive load circumstances.


    Kiwi most affected

    As the primary entry within the 2024 America’s Cup, Emirates Group New Zealand had the primary two constructing slots for the AC40 at builder McConaughey Boats. They swapped a type of slots with the challenger of document, INEOS Group UK, which has a second boat, and Emirates Group New Zealand, which has a 3rd AC40 which is on its solution to Auckland.

    The quick job for Emirates Group New Zealand’s designers is to re-examine their design mannequin on the level of structural failure, and develop a restore specification for current AC40s to retrofit. The second job is to develop a brand new constructing specification for AC40 which is beneath building, or is scheduled for building.

    Complicating the difficulty is that each restore, retrofit and new building choices should produce a hull that meets the burden restrictions of a design class. Normally that is accomplished by including compensator weights.

    Emirates Group New Zealand would be the worst affected of the 5 US groups by placing their religion within the AC40 platform, with one boat broken and should be repaired, and one other AC40 requiring a doubtlessly awkward retrofit. Additionally, as a result of they’re solely allowed one LEQ12 hull floor beneath the foundations, their second AC40 should stay in a design mode.

    Amongst different groups, Alinghi Crimson Bull Racing is working its AC75 Boat One in Barcelona. American Magic has their AC75 Patriot crusing in Pensacola. Luna Rossa and INEOS Group UK each have LEQ12 prototype yachts which have been launched, and are separate operations from the AC40.

    Satirically, Emirates Group New Zealand’s first constructed AC75, Te Aihe, now owned by Alinghi Crimson Bull Racing, and designed with a submersible bow, clocked a 49.9kts on considered one of its final sails for ETNZ Zero survived.

    The silver lining on this cloud is that the structural concern of high-speed nostril dives with massive quantities of bows has been recognized two years forward of the 2024 America’s Cup.

    The structural stress created by the sudden, and acute angle of a really buoyant bow can solely be imagined. Whereas ETNZ pioneered this design fashion for the AC75, others resembling Italy’s Luna Rossa have taken an analogous method with the bow of their 12m LEQ12 take a look at boat. The ETNZ AC75 design’s heavy wind functionality and no foibles had been examined within the light-moderate winds and sheltered programs of the 2021 America’s Cup in Auckland.

    The opposite mitigating issue for ETNZ is that they’ve a extremely succesful in-house construct workforce, most likely the most effective on the earth, who’ve been examined earlier than with these challenges.

    Compromise seems to be what the workforce decides to do a brief restore on the broken LEQ12, and convey it right into a crusing situation to have the ability to work via the checklist of recent elements and sails, that are listed in Noziv’s morning publish it was accomplished . Or, they might fee the brand new AC40, however not reuse it because the LEQ12 take a look at boat, and would possible restrict their crusing to mild and reasonable winds till retrofit bow constructions had been added to the hull. haven’t been created.

    The one actual choice for Kiwis is to rapidly resolve the structural design concern and restore their LEQ12s as quickly as doable, and take a long-term method to rectifying the opposite AC40s, which can nonetheless be sailed, however ” Crimson-Line” no.

    Fortunately after the final cup the complete ETNZ America’s Cup workforce was on name to maintain up with numerous design/construct initiatives such because the hydrogen boat and the land velocity document problem. The abilities of this group kind the internal sanctum of ETNZ’s specialists, mentioned to suppose at their finest beneath stress – and look able to be referred to as upon as soon as once more to take action.


    Further Photographs:





    This commentary was written and compiled from video, nonetheless pictures and statistical materials extracted from the AC37 Joint Recon program and different materials accessible to Sail-World NZ, together with picture information, and 2010, 2013, 2017 and others on 2021 America’s water protection. cup.



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