GAO: Pentagon lacks ‘strategic aims’ on various to GPS

US Military Sgt. Brian Sundarman program coordinates on a Protection Superior GPS receiver through the City Orienteering occasion on the 2013 US Military Reserve Finest Warrior Competitors in Fort McCoy, Wis., June 25, 2013. (US Military photograph by Timothy Hale/launch)

SMD 2022 – At the very least 11 efforts are underway to develop applied sciences to offer place, navigation and timing for GPS backup in case of an outage within the Armed Providers and the Workplace of the Secretary of Protection, however the Congressional Monitoring Company is worried That thus far the Pentagon has supplied little strategic path to information them.

The Division of Protection’s “PNT Enterprise mission requires various PNT capabilities throughout operational conditions when GPS is unavailable or unreliable. … Nevertheless, there are at present no strategic aims with outlined and measurable short-term duties for the event of these capabilities.” will not be,” frets the Authorities Accountability Workplace (GAO) report launched on Aug.

That is although the DoD has lengthy had a PNT Oversight Council to drive analysis, growth and procurement packages. As an alternative of specializing in creating new techniques, the GAO discovered, the group is as a substitute specializing in the necessary challenge of equipping army radio and floor techniques to obtain encrypted M-code indicators.

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That council meets at three ranges. The chairs on the prime are: Heidi Shue, Underneath Secretary of Protection for Analysis and Engineering, Invoice LaPlante, Deputy Secretary of Protection for Acquisitions and Sustainability, and Vice President of Joint Chiefs of Employees Adam Christoper Grady. Beneath is an Government Administration Board, chaired by John Sherman, the DoD’s Chief Data Officer. And on a day-to-day degree, the six working teams give attention to totally different facets of the PNT.

Of the 11 packages cited by the GAO, the Military and Navy accounted for 4 every. The Air Drive has two extra, and the OSD has one. The packages are a mixture of efforts to improve GPS receivers to permit entry to each M-codes and initiatives to develop the flexibility to faucet into various sources of PNT indicators.

And a few initiatives are farther away than others, the GAO report factors out.

For instance, each of the Military’s main efforts — the Handheld Dismounted Assured PNT System (DAPS) and the Car-Ported Mounted Assured PNT System (MAPS) — are because of transition to main acquisition efforts in 2024, notes the GAO report. One other Military program, generically named the Alternate Navigation (ALTNAV) receiver, stays experimental.

The report mentioned that past particular person programmes, the DoD is pushing for a growth technique based mostly on a “Modular Open Methods Strategy (MOSA)”. “This method incorporates modular design and open requirements for key interfaces and might simply settle for information from various PNT sources from totally different suppliers with out having to revamp your complete system.”

Every service has no less than one program — the army, which is the biggest consumer of GPS receivers, has two — that MOSA goals to implement, however GAO says every can also be creating its personal model of the method. Is. To attempt to forestall MOSA efforts from operating too removed from one another, the DoD commissioned the army to aim to draft a DoD-wide “context structure” for MOSA, to be launched in October 2021. However the GAO discovered that Syu’s workplace was nonetheless “figuring out the way in which ahead for PNT MOSA efforts.”

Programs of GAO PNT Report Open Standard

Service efforts to develop PNT receivers able to utilizing a number of sign sources. (sing chart)

An inter-agency assembly hosted by the Division of Transportation (DOT) together with representatives from the Division of Protection to evaluate the standing of the US authorities’s efforts to speed up extra versatile PNT capabilities for army, civilian and business customers of GPS. Days later the GAO evaluate got here out.

The half-day assembly reviewed DOT’s January 2021 efficiency of “essential infrastructure sectors’ views on the necessity for versatile PNT options” together with the professionals and cons of present know-how for offering “complementary PNT” companies; A DOT official advised Breaking Protection that successes and boundaries to the adoption of complementary PNT applied sciences in finish consumer essential infrastructure functions, and US authorities actions to speed up the adoption of versatile PNT options.

The DOT examine was mandated by Congress within the Nationwide Protection Authorization Act of 2018.

That invoice ordered the DoT, the DoD, and the Division of Homeland Safety to collectively develop a plan to make sure that back-up GPS capabilities are extensively obtainable in case a GPS sign is misplaced or misplaced for any cause. be. The lack of indicators to succeed in receivers in dense city environments or distant areas, sign interference from wi-fi transmissions – therefore, DoD fears concerning the controversial 5G wi-fi community being developed by Ligado – or intentional jamming.

Nevertheless, the scheme is but to emerge from the interagency course of.

So far as the DoD is worried, the GAO recommends that the OSD develop metrics to validate the progress of varied service efforts to develop new PNT capabilities. The report additionally recommends that the PNT Oversight Council work to handle its coordination challenges.

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